An Open Table where Love knows no borders

A Contagion To Open Up To

A sermon on Mark 7: 24–37 by Doug Morrison-Cleary

A video recording of most of the service, including this sermon, is available here.

G’day, tonight is an experiment for me. Do I still want to be a part of this—the institution of the Church? Can I still speak Good News with conviction and hope given my experiences in recent years? I am very grateful for Nathan giving me this chance to explore these questions; and for you, South Yarra Baptist Church, for existing as a fringe case of the institutional Church. You are a very special blessing to me tonight. Thank you. 

May my spoken word, lead us through the written Word, to encounter the Living Word, even Jesus Christ our Saviour and Governor. Amen. 

I have been exploring my own family history for about forty years, since my early to mid teens. In the early days I think I always hoped to find some great person or wonderful event appearing before my eyes as I researched my ancestors. I wanted a king or queen, a baron or member of parliament, a great catastrophe or some heroic action. 

What I found was a very ordinary family! Yes, there are a few convicts, but not even a murderer amongst them! There are farmers and labourers, lightermen and innkeepers, police constables and women who looked after the home. This is my family. 

Indeed, in recent years, DNA analysis shows that despite all of my ancestors arriving in Australia by 1855, there is not even any Aboriginal ancestry in my tree. I am very white, male, educated, and very ordinary. 

In many ways I am the last person who should be preaching this text today. 

Even Mark, male and educated as they most likely was, still belonged to an oppressed people— Palestinian Jews living under Roman occupation. 

However, what I have slowly learned over the last four decades are the extraordinary stories of the ordinary. The Thames lighterman who brings his family in a tiny ship from London to Australia. The convict who becomes a senior police officer in the early colony. The young, teen-aged woman with an Indian mother who makes her way across half of India before meeting her future husband —a British soldier like her dead father—and who then moved to Australia and New Zealand. The women who survived birth after birth, burying some of their kids along the way, who lived through extraordinary changes in the world around them. However poorly suited I might be to tell of Good News from today’s text, I can at least bring some of that growth in understanding to a text filled with the ordinary becoming extraordinary. 

So, what do we have in our Gospel tonight? We find the second pair of a set of healing stories in Mark’s gospel. Each of pairs of healings is followed by a feeding story—the Feeding of the Five Thousand in chapter 6, and, at the beginning of chapter 8 after tonight’s text, the Feeding of the Four Thousand. Further, the second healing tonight also begins a sequence of four healing stories in this gospel based around deafness and blindness. 

Let’s look at these stories in more depth. 

At the beginning of tonight’s Gospel, Jesus has left the Jewish authorities behind with their criticisms around purity, and is in foreign, that is, Gentile, territory. Tyre is an ancient port city, wealthy compared to much of the region. The people of Tyre follow their old ways of life and those of the Greeks and Romans who have governed and settled the area for most of the last four hundred years. 

Jesus is in the lands of the impure, the foreigner. He enters a house in a city of wealth as a poor wandering preacher and teacher. He does not look like the rulers, the Romans, though he blends in well with the natives of Tyre—except for the poverty of his clothes. He has stepped away from the ordinary, and is in a liminal space—an inbetween space—a place where transformation is possible. 

A woman then invades his space, crowds in where she is not wanted. She is a foreigner to Jesus, though a local in this place. Her role, whether in Palestine or in Tyre or in Rome is to remain silent —to attend to the welfare of her betters. And for good Jews like Jesus, only children and dogs are below her in the fixed hierarchies of their culture. 

While the woman bows, acknowledging the hierarchies that bind her in place, she also speaks. Speaks for her daughter like the synagogue leader, Jairus, did in chapter 5. But Jairus was a man, and powerful, this woman has no power except for her own mind, her courage, her willingness to be labelled a whore or a slut for her boldness. 

This ordinary, unnamed woman of no power and little account does something extraordinary. She speaks for her daughter who is trapped in the evil of this world—who desperately needs God’s Culture to break through that evil and transform her—bring her healing—salvation. 

In this liminal, inbetween space in Tyre, an ordinary, unnamed woman of no power and little account speaks up for the least and the last—opens her mouth to argue—speaks truth to power— and, most extraordinarily, is heard. Her words are acknowledged, a life is transformed, and God’s Culture breaks into the midst of this world turning the expected hierarchies upside down. A woman teaches a man, a child is granted salvation, the foreigner is heard, God’s Culture manifests amongst the dogs. 

As an aside, before moving onto the second story, notice what is not said. No mention is made of faith. It is the woman’s willingness to speak, the woman’s skill in rhetoric, that is rewarded. As profoundly influenced by Paul as Mark is, there is none of our modern interpretation of Paul here. Faith is measured by transformation. Faith is made manifest in lives and systems and cultures changed in this world. Faith is not spoken, rather the overturning of powers and principalities is spoken—faith is lived in the working out of the overturning of this world. 

Also, it is critical to remember that this is an ordinary person. She is no body special. She remains unnamed and leaves the story as abruptly as she came. 

Jesus then moves on and travels to the Decapolis. With the exception of Damascus, these are cities initially founded as Greek colonies in modern day Jordan and Syria. They are neither Syrian nor Jewish, but Greco-Roman cities. For Jesus, he is still in the territories of the foreigners, the Gentiles, everyone who is not a Jew. 

This time Jesus is confronted by a man who is deaf and mute. This man has heard nothing about Jesus and can speak no words of devotion or trust or faith. This man is closed off from God, the One who speaks, and from the world. Being unable to communicate, can he even be called human according to the hierarchies of that day? 

Jesus takes this man aside, this foreigner who is barely human, and touches him. 

Who here has touched a dead body? Most of us when confronted by such an encounter will choose not to touch. We are squeamish of doing so—even our funerals in this country rarely give the opportunity to touch the cleaned up body of a loved one—though we may do so in private at the mortuary. Double or triple that squeamishness and we are perhaps closer to the reality of a Jewish rabbi in that time touching an unknown Gentile, especially one who is so profoundly impure that he cannot communicate. 

In the midst of our Covid crisis, it is as if Jesus took off his face mask and came up to a person suffering from the Delta variant, and kissed that person on the mouth. Contagion is more powerful than any other force in that time for the Jews—just as it seems to be for our governments today. 

Jesus touches this man—in his ears—yuck. But then Jesus spits on the man’s tongue! 

Just last week we heard the beginning of this chapter in Mark’s gospel dealing with the notions of impurity that bind tightly around Second Temple Judaism—that temple that now lies in ruins. As much as we in our modern world tend to hear those words in relationship to modern notions of hygeine—after all we know just how important handwashing is—those words are about the deepest reality in the Judaism of Jesus. Contagion is the most dangerous force facing the People of God. From marrying the foreigner to breaking the laws of God, impurity is an insidious opponent that will worm its way into the lives of God’s People and lead them away. Contagion spreads and can spread fast, as we know. Everything must be done to preserve the people of God—why did the revolutionaries want to cast off the Roman rulers? So that an independent Jewish state could be in permanent lockdown against the contagion of the foreigner, the Gentile, the impure. 

In Jesus’ actions of touching and spitting, he reverses the traditional notion of contagion that is so deeply ingrained in his people’s worldview. Mark is declaring that contagion moves from the holy to the unholy and not the other way around. The power of God is that a contagion of life—of transformation, hope, and peace—is more powerful than a contagion of death. 

And then Jesus speaks. 

Just as God spoke words—one at a time—at creation, and the universe came into being, so Jesus speaks a word and the Culture of God becomes manifest in the deaf and mute man. Jesus says “open”, and the Culture of God opens up in the life of the not quite human, transforming him so that he becomes fully human, one who is blessed and blessing, the image of God. 

The contagious actions of Jesus spreads the Culture of God into that place where death ruled and life was pushed to the side. Transformation of hierarchies, of humanity itself, flower open in touch and spit and word. 

As a very white, educated male on stolen country, it is not my place to tell you what all this means for you. At best I can help hold up the mirror of this text so that you can see for yourself what it might mean. I can point towards transformation, life, love, hope and peace. I can encourage you to, like Mark asks time and again, open your eyes and ears to where the Culture of God is breaking in already. I can ask you to be ready to journey to places of discomfit and liminality. I can pray that we can all be open to encountering the least and the last—the barely human and the despised—the wounded and those without hope. Maybe in that encounter, the transformation of our hierarchies and our notions of purity will bring life and hope, the Culture of God, into our homes and communities, our systems and governments, and into the lives of those whom we encounter. As ordinary as we might be, we don’t have to be anything more. Just be willing to speak, to listen, to love, to hope, to be transformed. 


  1. Vincent Michael Hodge

    Doug has provided an excellent meditation for me. His concluding word are so powerful:
    “……..In Jesus’ actions of touching and spitting, he reverses the traditional notion of contagion that is so deeply ingrained in his people’s worldview. Mark is declaring that contagion moves from the holy to the unholy and not the other way around. The power of God is that a contagion of life—of transformation, hope, and peace—is more powerful than a contagion of death…”

    I was pleasantly confronted with an excellent comment from our Catholic Parish Youth Worker in a piece she wrote for our Parish newsletter this weekend re Mark’s gospel chapter 7 – healing of Deaf and Dumb Man.

    I was particularly taken by her aside about the description of Jesus as “having done all things WELL…”. She noted that the phrase seemed to be one of the Bible’s great understatements!. I agree..what an apparent understatement. Jesus had just given this man back his health and it seems to be described off-handedly as “well done”.

    So I came home from Mass and did some research as her comment pointed to a principle that I have learnt from biblical scholars…rarely is there a scripture text that is recorded idly. I am certainly no Greek language student but here is the text in rough Greek and you can see that just at the level of poetry the words are meaningful:

    Kalos panta pe-poieken …………..All things done well/beautifully/nobly/good
    Kai tous kopsos poiei a-kouein…….his deafness made to hearing
    Kai tous a-lalous lalein…………….his non-speech to speech

    So it is obvious even to my ignorant understanding of Greek that we have some rhyming based around the three lines ending on the sound of “ein”. Notice also the last line – “a-lalous lalein” ie. “the not-speech; speech” – so compact but such a “ rhythmical sounding” due to the repetition of the root word “laleio”. The word “poieken” is based upon a root word for “make or do” but it is also the basis of our English word ‘poetry” – weird I know. Have a look in Ephesians, I think, where we humans are described as God’s “work of art” – and the word for ‘work’ is “poiema”. So even at the level of poetry of the text, the author of the Gospel is not indulging in “understatement”. Our bible translators do not serve us well! …..Finally the first word, “kalos”, which translates as “well” seems to be a powerful word with multiple meanings such as “ beauty; noble; good…etc etc”. There seems to be a word pairing in Greek that is “Kalos/Kakos” meaning “good/evil”. So all through the Bible there is the recurring engagement of these two words as paired opposites: “good and evil”; of “Kalos and Kakos”.
    So again it seems that Mark as an author is playing to an oral culture for whom that word “kalos” is an explosive term. Commentaries also point out that the three lines above resonate with Genesis 1(25) and Genesis 1(31) – where YHWH looks at His Creation and says – it is Good…it is KALOS. So Mark knows the explosion of meaning for a Jew in hearing those words. Also the last line is taken from Isaiah 35(5-6) which again is a famous piece of text for Jew. So sorry for being a smarty with all this stuff but I had to do a bit of work – it is not stuff I Knew about – but thanks to her honest comment about the text seemingly being an “understatement” I was immediately in agreement with her and I wanted to understand what was going on in the seemingly innocuous text lines…so thanks to her for stimulating me to discover some great pearls hidden away in the Reading. They reinforce Mark’s obvious explosive belief that Jesus is the Messiah ( Christ) as he says in Mark Chapter 1 verse 1.
    So I do not think that Doug should be so despondent as his opening laments indicate to me. His sermon indicates that he is a true disciple of the biblical Jesus who continually reminded us of our sin only because he wanted to heal it – albeit it personal or institutional. Jesus wants us to stay in the “game’. And so also I encourage Doug’s concluding allusion to “….living..on a stolen country…” to be placed along Jesus own ancestry – the Promised Land was occupied by Jewish outsiders fleeing slavery in Egypt just as the First Settlers in 1788 were fleeing the abject poverty of illness and starvation in Northern Europe. Within those parameters we seek forgiveness from First Nations Peoples as a continuation of the reconciliatory efforts that have already occupied our First Settlers; my own generation through the 1967 Referendum of Recognition, and through the current efforts to get to the heart of our differences to once and for all become a community of forgiveness – a community that both Hears and Speaks as redeemed peoples for whom this Land has given us both birth and sustenance. Let us all create a country and justifiably call it KALOS.

  2. G’day Doug:

    I found your message last Sunday both fascinating and illuminating. For the first time in my 80+ years I was able to accept the goodness of Jesus’ spitting on the tongue of the deaf/mute man. Prior to your presentation I always looked upon it as an unnecessary and repulsive act.

    And talking about another aspect of your homily – you appeared quite relaxed, but also confident, as you presented the Word. You were quite poised and appeared to cherish the opportunity to expound upon the culture of God – I would say that is where you belong.

    Just as another aside – an increasing number of “ministers” find bi-vocational careers most fulfilling!

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